Angebote zu "Commercial" (16 Treffer)

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Analysis of a Commercial Thermophilic Biogas Plant
66,80 € *
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The book Analysis of a Commercial Thermophilic Biogas Plant is a product of a research that identified biodegradable waste materials like domestic/municipal effluence as economically viable alternative source of energy. The proposed Commercial biogas plant was mathematically modeled for urban area clean energy requirement. The capacity of the plant was estimated for a given cycle of operation. A nominal 1500m3 power gas plant was studied characteristically and its performance efficiency evaluated. It was observed that the rate of biogas production is a function of the reactor temperature, pH, substrate concentration, rate of degradation of biomass, and the accumulation of matter in the system due to bacteria growth.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 20.01.2020
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Solar PV-Biogas Hybrid Power System for Rural E...
54,90 € *
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In this study, a solar PV-biogas hybrid power system for electrification is designed for Mankramso community located in the Offinso-North district in Ghana. The daily electric load demand in Mankramso community was estimated at 262.05 kWh/d, for 400 households, school, health clinic, commercial loads (flour mills, cold store, and small businesses), church buildings and streetlights. Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewable (HOMER) software was used to perform technical, economic and greenhouse gas emission analysis of the hybrid power system. The findings show that the system configuration which comprises of 18.6 kW of PV panels, 45 kW of biogas generator, 62 kWh of battery storage and 15.7 kW of converter is the most optimal hybrid power system configuration to meet the daily electric load. This optimal hybrid power system had a levilized cost of energy (LCOE) of US$ 0.188/kWh with an initial capital cost of US$ 102,247. This LCOE is only 10.6% higher than current LCOE (US$ 0.17/kWh) for residential tariffs in Ghana at the time of this study.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2020
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Solar PV-Biogas Hybrid Power System for Rural E...
56,50 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

In this study, a solar PV-biogas hybrid power system for electrification is designed for Mankramso community located in the Offinso-North district in Ghana. The daily electric load demand in Mankramso community was estimated at 262.05 kWh/d, for 400 households, school, health clinic, commercial loads (flour mills, cold store, and small businesses), church buildings and streetlights. Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewable (HOMER) software was used to perform technical, economic and greenhouse gas emission analysis of the hybrid power system. The findings show that the system configuration which comprises of 18.6 kW of PV panels, 45 kW of biogas generator, 62 kWh of battery storage and 15.7 kW of converter is the most optimal hybrid power system configuration to meet the daily electric load. This optimal hybrid power system had a levilized cost of energy (LCOE) of US$ 0.188/kWh with an initial capital cost of US$ 102,247. This LCOE is only 10.6% higher than current LCOE (US$ 0.17/kWh) for residential tariffs in Ghana at the time of this study.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 20.01.2020
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Green Economy Baseline Report for Ghana
61,60 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the German International Development (GIZ) is implementing a project entitled "Operationalizing Green Economy (GE) Transition in Africa" in five selected countries: Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique and Rwanda. As part of the GE project implementation activities in Ghana, this baseline survey was conducted in the three selected planning units in Ghana namely, Tolon District (Agriculture Sector), Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (Energy Sector) and Tema Metropolitan Assembly (Waste Sector). The proposed GE options for the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA) are (1) Generation of energy from biomass waste such as pellets, briquettes and biogas from organic waste (2) Utilization of energy efficient cook stoves such as Eco-stove at institutional, commercial and household level. Current quantity of biomass waste converted into pellets and briquettes are: Abellon - 25,000 MT per year, Esereso Carbon Products - 4,000MT/year) and Sustainable Energy Solutions - 100 MT of wood off cuts into 30MT of kindling wood sticks per month.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 20.01.2020
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Green Economy Baseline Report for Ghana
59,90 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the German International Development (GIZ) is implementing a project entitled "Operationalizing Green Economy (GE) Transition in Africa" in five selected countries: Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique and Rwanda. As part of the GE project implementation activities in Ghana, this baseline survey was conducted in the three selected planning units in Ghana namely, Tolon District (Agriculture Sector), Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (Energy Sector) and Tema Metropolitan Assembly (Waste Sector). The proposed GE options for the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA) are (1) Generation of energy from biomass waste such as pellets, briquettes and biogas from organic waste (2) Utilization of energy efficient cook stoves such as Eco-stove at institutional, commercial and household level. Current quantity of biomass waste converted into pellets and briquettes are: Abellon - 25,000 MT per year, Esereso Carbon Products - 4,000MT/year) and Sustainable Energy Solutions - 100 MT of wood off cuts into 30MT of kindling wood sticks per month.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Municipal Solid Waste Management in Lagos Metro...
59,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Urbanisation and industrialisation are accelerating simultaneously in Lagos State, resulting in a concentration of people leading to pollution from uncontrolled and indiscriminate dumping of solid waste that disrupts the beauty of the city. Available resources are not maximally utilised due to lack of adequate information on the quality and the pattern of wastes generated. Waste characteristics are essential for waste disposal, facility planning and waste management policy formulation. This work examined the daily household/commercial waste generation rate, the per capita per day and characterized its composition and concluded that, over 80% of the waste components in Lagos Metropolis are biodegradable, which can be converted to organic manure and also for the generation of biogas. Waste generation is higher than collection, which may result into waste accumulation over time, thereby degrading the environment. The analysis should be especially useful to governments, stakeholders and researchers in environmental management for improved and efficient waste management strategy, programme and implementation.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2020
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Sorghum Genetic Diversity for Lignocellulosic B...
67,90 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Producing energy from biomass can be cost competitive today, in particular heat. However, in many cases, economic incentives are currently needed to off-set cost differences between bio-energy and fossil fuel-generated electricity and heat. Support measures should be backed by a strong policy framework which balances the need for energy with other important objectives such greenhouse-gas reduction, food security, biodiversity, and socio-economic development. In addition, new dedicated bio-energy plants are becoming increasingly important to meet growing demand for bio-energy electricity and heat. Conventional biofuel technologies include well-established processes that are already producing biofuels on a commercial scale. These biofuels, commonly referred to as first-generation, include sugar- and starch-based ethanol, oil-crop based biodiesel and straight vegetable oil, as well as biogas derived through anaerobic digestion. Advanced biofuel technologies are conversion technologies which are still in the research and development (R&D), pilot or demonstration phase, commonly referred to as second- or third- generation.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Sorghum Genetic Diversity for Lignocellulosic B...
69,80 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Producing energy from biomass can be cost competitive today, in particular heat. However, in many cases, economic incentives are currently needed to off-set cost differences between bio-energy and fossil fuel-generated electricity and heat. Support measures should be backed by a strong policy framework which balances the need for energy with other important objectives such greenhouse-gas reduction, food security, biodiversity, and socio-economic development. In addition, new dedicated bio-energy plants are becoming increasingly important to meet growing demand for bio-energy electricity and heat. Conventional biofuel technologies include well-established processes that are already producing biofuels on a commercial scale. These biofuels, commonly referred to as first-generation, include sugar- and starch-based ethanol, oil-crop based biodiesel and straight vegetable oil, as well as biogas derived through anaerobic digestion. Advanced biofuel technologies are conversion technologies which are still in the research and development (R&D), pilot or demonstration phase, commonly referred to as second- or third- generation.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 20.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Municipal Solid Waste Management in Lagos Metro...
60,70 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Urbanisation and industrialisation are accelerating simultaneously in Lagos State, resulting in a concentration of people leading to pollution from uncontrolled and indiscriminate dumping of solid waste that disrupts the beauty of the city. Available resources are not maximally utilised due to lack of adequate information on the quality and the pattern of wastes generated. Waste characteristics are essential for waste disposal, facility planning and waste management policy formulation. This work examined the daily household/commercial waste generation rate, the per capita per day and characterized its composition and concluded that, over 80% of the waste components in Lagos Metropolis are biodegradable, which can be converted to organic manure and also for the generation of biogas. Waste generation is higher than collection, which may result into waste accumulation over time, thereby degrading the environment. The analysis should be especially useful to governments, stakeholders and researchers in environmental management for improved and efficient waste management strategy, programme and implementation.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 20.01.2020
Zum Angebot