Biogas Generation from Sludge of Common Effluent Treatment Plant ab 49 € als Taschenbuch: Methane Generation from Hazardous Sludge Collected from Common Effluent Facilities. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Technik,
Biogas Generation from Sludge of Common Effluent Treatment Plant ab 49 EURO Methane Generation from Hazardous Sludge Collected from Common Effluent Facilities
Propionic acid is an important intermediate produced during anaerobic degradation of biowaste and a precursor of a large amount of methane. Its accumulation during biomethanation is however a common problem resulting in stagnation phases in biogas production. During this study, the deeper insight into the process of propionic acid degradation was intended by using modern analytical chemistry, standard microbiological approach and molecular biology for describing and explaining the problem.
The Sludge generated from common effluent treatment plant contains toxic & bio-refractory compounds which is transfer to TSDF site after dewatering process. The Bio-gas generated from the Sludge collected from sewage treatment plant is very common. First time a Bio-gas has been produce from digesting hazardous sludge by anaerobic sludge digestion process in a pilot scale plant. The study shows that with 5 days HRT, pH between 6.5-8 & COD strength was in a range of 20000-40000 mg/l. The Bio-gas generated was 110-140 liter/Hour. The digested sludge was presenting good amount of volatile suspended solids & COD this can be one of the good option to generate electricity which can be utilize in house applications in CETP.
The management of solid waste has become a major problem in developing countries and a large fraction consists of organic household waste. This book investigates the environmental impacts and health hazards as a result from inadequate management of this waste flow. It also reports on existing decentralised composting and anaerobic digestions technologies, including: windrow, box/bin/barrel, THM, aerated static pile, in-vessel, vermi, ARTI compact biogas digester and BARC'S NISARG-RUNA. The common constraints for successful implementation of these technologies are discussed, as well as recommendations for future projects. Professionals involved or students studying waste management should find this book a useful tool to gain an insight into the complex interactions between the social, economic and environmental aspects of organic waste management.
The needs of man have increased many-folds in the past century due to the growth of human population and industrialization. Now whole world is facing a deep energy crisis. To overcome the energy crunch many countries have to give extra emphasis on non conventional energy sources. Biomass has been serving mankind since arrival of man on the earth. Biomass is used for production of bioenergy. Biogas is the important bioenergy which is mixture of methane (65 75%) and CO2 (30 35%) together with other gases like NH3, H2S, H2 and N2 etc in trace quantities produced from organic matter under anaerobic conditions. The gas is highly combustible and can be used for generation of heat, electricity and mechanical energy. The present work has been undertaken to study the potential of some common weeds abundantly found in rural areas to produce biogas.
Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, that is native to the American tropics, most likely Mexico and Central America. It is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, becoming naturalized in some areas. The specific epithet, "curcas", was first used by Portuguese doctor Garcia de Orta more than 400 years ago and is of uncertain origin. Common names include Barbados Nut, Purging Nut, Physic Nut. The oil is mainly used as biodiesel for energy. The cake can be used for fish or animal feed (if detoxified), biomass feedstock to power electricity plants, or as biogas or high-quality organic fertilizer. It can also be used as a bio-pesticide and for medicinal purposes . When crushed, the resulting oil from the seeds can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel that can be used in a standard diesel engine. RAJIV GANDHI PROUDYOGIKI VISHWAVIDYALAYA BHOPAL INDIA develope a pilot plant for CO2 capture and production of useful multipurpose fuel like Hydrogen, Methane and Algae growth, Jatropha plantation for Bio diesel production in the Energy park.
Governments are setting challenging targets to increase the production of energy and transport fuel from sustainable sources. The emphasis is increasingly on renewable sources including wind, solar, geothermal, biomass based biofuel, photovoltaics or energy recovery from waste. What are the environmental consequences of adopting these other sources? How do these various sources compare to each other? Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Energy Sources tries to answer these questions based on the universally adopted method of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). This book introduces the concept and importance of LCA in the framework of renewable energy sources and discusses the key issues in conducting their LCA. This is followed by an in-depth discussion of LCA for some of the most common bioenergy sources such as agricultural production systems for biogas and bioethanol, biogas from grass, biodiesel from palm oil, biodiesel from used cooking oil and animal fat, Jatropha biodiesel, lignocellulosic bioethanol, ethanol from cassava and sugarcane molasses, residential photovoltaic systems, wind energy, microalgal biodiesel, biohydrogen and biomethane. Through real examples, the versatility of LCA is well emphasized. Written by experts all over the globe, the book is a cornucopia of information on LCA of bioenergy systems and provides a platform for stimulation of new ideas and thoughts. The book is targeted at practitioners of LCA and will become a useful tool for researchers working on different aspects of bioenergy.
This book explores the use of biomass as an energy source and its application in energy conversion technologies.Focusing on the challenges of, and technologies related to, biomass conversion, the book is divided into three parts. The first part underlines the fundamental concepts that form the basis of biomass production, its feasibility valuation, and its potential utilization. This part does not consider only how biomass is generated, but also methods of assessment.The second part focuses on the clarification of central concepts of the biorefinery processes. After a preliminary introduction with industrial examples, common issues of biochemical reaction engineering applications are analysed in detail. The theory explained in this part demonstrates that the chemical kinetics are the core focus in modelling biological processes such as growth, decay, product formation and feedstock consumption. This part continues with the theory of biofuels production, including biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons.The third part of this book gives detailed explanations of preliminary notions related to the theory of thermodynamics. This theory will assist the reader when taking into account the concepts treated in the previous two parts of the book. Several detailed derivations are given to give the reader a full understanding of the arguments at hand. This part also gives literature data on the main properties of some biomass feedstock.Fundamentals of Biofuels Engineering and Technology will be of interest not only to academics and researchers working in this field but also to graduate students and energy professionals seeking to expand their knowledge of this increasingly important area.