Biological and chemical parameters and life cycle assessment of the integrated generation of solid fuel and biogas from biomass ab 29 € als gebundene Ausgabe: . Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Biologie,
Examining European semi-natural grassland silages and urban green cut as input sources for the integrated generation of solid fuel and biogas from biomass ab 29 € als gebundene Ausgabe: Interdisciplinary Research on Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Ratgeber, Essen & Trinken,
To act against the negative effects of climate change, the European Union (EU) has increased its efforts in the field of renewable energies. This led to the definition of national and EU wide targets for the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy by the year 2020 for each EU-Member state and the Union as a whole. To reach these aims without jeopardising other important aims like food security and nature conservation, sustainable systems of recovery of renewable energy have to be developed. One possibility is the "integrated generation of solid fuel and biogas from biomass" (IFBB). Its core element is the mechanical separation of the biomassinto a solid fuel for combustion and a liquid for anaerobic digestion.This study investigated the technology on a prototype scale for a variety of European semi natural grasslands and urban green cut biomasses. The quality of the derived energy carriers and the parameters influencing these qualities were in the research focus. In addition, the IFBB system was compared to other energy recovery systems.
This book is all about the application of fuzzy logic technique for the energy planning process. It demonstrates the use of fuzzy goal programming model for energy resource allocation at the micro level, where the energy resources and needs are uncertain. This book presents an integrated planning approach by adopting multinomial logit model to household fuel choice behaviour for heating and cooking end-uses, and applies real option model for the policy evaluation of biogas and solar water heater system in the study region. This book is very useful for researchers who wish to work in the area of integrated fuzzy logic and energy resource planning.
In the modern energy-demanding lifestyle there is an overwhelming need for exploring sources of energy which are renewable and eco-friendly. Bioconversion of biowaste streams for energy production is an increasingly promising option. Through the biogas value chain, bioconversion presents a very attractive route to valorise various biowaste and enables communities to meet their energy needs, conserve resources and protect the environment. However there are challenges in sustainable implementation of biogas technology. The book has therefore reviewed the biogas value chain from a critical sustainability perspective. It has also covered a detailed case study of the potential of biogas production from biowaste in Kenya and how it influences environmental sustainability. The evaluation of biowaste energy potential and the development of a simple yet effective methodology to assess its sustainability are some of the key issues that this book has addressed. In addition, the book also incorporates a thought provoking analysis of the potential contribution of biowaste-based biogas energy to environmental sustainability from an integrated industrial and domestic case study perspective.
During last decade Indonesia plays role as the important net palm oil exporter in the world. However, research and development are rolling towards bioproducts criteria of either palm oil, its derivatives or side products. New emerging trends are revealed in this book such as refined palm oil for frying oil, fractionated biodiesel for winter climate application, palm biocomposite including bio polyol as an advanced material, pelletized feed for beef and dairy cattle husbandries and renewable energy of biogas for electrictity. Other application of palm wastes aims to preserve environment and to promote economic activities involves unskilled people in developing countries. This book clearly opens our perspective about integrated palm oil processing and its derivatives benefits. This book should be especially intended to professionals, students, academician, or practitioners who consider agribusiness in their works.
Today's bioenergy systems are frequently characterised by limited conversion efficiency and dependencies on few species of energy crops leading to low biodiversityin plant production. With the aim to improve the ecological performance of biomass production and processing and to convert a wider spectrum of biomass resources, the integrated generation of solid fuel and biogas from biomass (IFBB) was developed. Its core element is the mechanical separation of the wet conserved biomass into a solid fuel for combustion and a liquid for anaerobic digestion with subsequent production of heat and electricity from the biogas. This study investigated biological and chemical parameters of the IFBB process. Furthermore, life cycle assessment was conducted to evaluate the overall energy efficiency as well as saving potentials of fossil primary energy and emissions of greenhouse gases of the IFBB process along the entire process chain.
Gasification is not new in India and China. Gasifiers in different forms were used for cooking foods. During the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973 the U.S. Government provided financial support for several proof-of-concept gasification projects, including the world's first Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) electric power plant. Presently, several IGCC power plants are operating throughout the world. The book, Gasification System is a compilation of research based literatures useful to students, scholars, scientists and engineers and help in integrating the advance technology that will contribute in production of energy for filling the gap between available and needed energy. The book covers most recent technologies on gasifiers and biogas in 9 chapters, Introduction, Gasification System, History of Gasification, Biogas Technology, Development of Biogas Plant, Mathematical Modeling of Gasification System, Design of Gasification System, Commercialization of Gasification System and Testing and Evaluation of Gasification System. It may be a useful book having up-to-date information on the subject.
Current global energy needs and the effort to substitute fossil fuels have led to extensive production of biomass in agricultural systems for purposes of renewable energy generation. At the same time, energy cropping poses new threats to the sustainability of land use systems. Large-scale industrialized farming in general and intensive energy crop production in particular are increasingly drawing criticism from various stakeholders for their negative external effects.Organic farming systems alleviate the environmental burden of agricultural production by minimizing negative this food-energy-climate nexus a large-scale conversion of agricultural area to organic management seems infeasible. Against this backdrop, this dissertation examined interrelations and connections of organic agriculture and biomass energy systems in regard to three dimensions: (i) Scientific interest and publication structure, (ii) research topics and contents, and (iii) systemic implications of integrated bioenergy and organic farming systems in the case of farm biogas production in Germany.