Biological and chemical parameters and life cycle assessment of the integrated generation of solid fuel and biogas from biomass ab 29 € als gebundene Ausgabe: . Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Biologie,
Biological and chemical parameters and life cycle assessment of the integrated generation of solid fuel and biogas from biomass ab 15 EURO
This book presents the state of the art in biogas production using anaerobic digestion technology, with an emphasis on waste utilization/valorization. Offering a comprehensive reference guide to biogas production from different waste streams, it covers various aspects of anaerobic digestion technology from the basics, i.e., microbiological aspects to prominent parameters governing biogas production systems, as well as major principles of their operation, analysis, process control, and troubleshooting. Written and edited by internationally recognized experts in the field of biogas production from both academia and industry, it provides in-depth and cutting-edge information on central developments in the field. In addition, it discusses and reviews major issues affecting biogas production, including the type of feedstock, pretreatment techniques, production systems, design and fabrication of biogas plants, as well as biogas purification and upgrading technologies. 'Biogas: Fundamentals, Process, and Operation' also addresses the application of advanced environmental and energy evaluation tools including life cycle assessment (LCA), exergy, techno-economics, and modeling techniques.
Access to all forms of energy is the most important factor for improvement in the economic, educational and social aspects of life. Using clean fuel results in better health condition and less GHG emission. In addition to that, the household time can be reallocated by having access to clean energy services. In Afghanistan, fuelwood, charcoal, crop residues and animal manure are the staple biomass based fuel, mostly used in the residential sector. Due to current energy shortage and availability of biomass resources in the country, Afghanistan needs to enhance the rational use of biomass energy in different sectors. Taking action for the rational use of biomass energy is impractical without conducting appropriate researches in this field. For filling this gap, this study was conducted in the eight zones of Afghanistan. Beside the assessment of biomass energy potential and technologies, the book contains methodologies for determining biomass energy potential, sizing biogas digesters and conducting techno-economic analysis of the relevant projects. This book will help project planner, designers and all those engineers who are engaged in this field.
In 2008 the 20% of the world population was consuming the 80% of the resources of the planet. At the same time, countries like India and China were aspiring to achieve the same consumption patterns. In particular, the building industry demands the 39% of primary energy and has the biggest impact on greenhouse gas emissions. This book provides an analysis of the development that architecture has encountered in the centuries, identifying 4 main categories, according to features like architectural composition, material use and energy requirements. The analysis focuses especially on the category of the active architectures, highlighting the transformation of housing from a pure architectonic composition process to a wider concept of sustainable energy producer. The development of smart grids, water management and biogas production are analysed as important tools for the development of architectures as diffuse small energy facilities and responsible resources consumers. The analysis should help to understand the links that architecture has with our economy and style of life, and should be especially useful to all those who are interested in sustainability
Development is a process of positive changes. However, development among others destroy ecosystem. In such circumstances, sustainable development is a pattern of resources use in such a way that present needs can be met without destroying the ability for the future generations to meet their needs. It comprises of environmental, economic and social sustainability. Does biogas play vital role for theses sustainability? This book, therefore, provides users' perspective on the role of biogas for sustainability. The work suggests existence of an essential role of biogas for sustainable development by determining its role for quality of life, protecting environment, and social & cultural development in one way or another. This work is most likely to be useful for the biogas actor, researchers, academia and policy makers. It will be useful for biogas actor to grow the sustainable sector. It will be useful for development actors for more commercialization of the sector. The work will also be useful for academia and researchers by acquiring new knowledge in the literature. Finally, the work will be useful for policy makers by providing guide map to formulate biogas-friendly policies.
This book is based on two stage biogas production from waste textiles. The global consumption of textile is increasing and the end life results as a waste. Such cotton based waste textiles could be converted into energy and here we have showcased the possibility to convert it. We have used four different materials such as jeans, pretreated jeans, cotton and starch to compare. The results showed that pretreated jeans had a higher biogas production compared to untreated jeans.
Irrecoverable rapid depletion of petroleum reserves, high price fluctuations, uncertainty in supply to consuming nations, high expenditure on fuel import, harmful effects of various exhaust emission on the human being and environment sorces to search for alternative fuels that they themselves can produce. These alternative fuels should be preferably available from renewable sources. Therefore, attention is mainly focused towards biomass- based fuels. Alternative considered are ethanol, methanol, biogas and vegetable oil, methyl or ethyl ester of vegetable oil (biodiesel).Karanja bio-diesel production should be improved according to higher environmental impacts than the conventional diesel fuel from life cycle aspects.
The world again green?? Who is going to think that way? We, the human beings are so busy in making the most valuable resources, a waste. Why don't we take initiative to make every waste a worth? Science and technology can help us bringing the change. This piece of writing describes the way in which we can consume totally waste products i.e., animal muck and can develop biogas from it following the rules of fermentation. The process may look old and of no value at first but the idea was to enhance the productivity of the biogas. For this reason, microbiology was taken into account and it included the isolation of mesophilic flora from the manure in the beginning. A pool of microbes was isolated but the emphasis was laid on the isolation and identification of anaerobic life forms residing in the animal manure. The fresh manure was taken and Methanosarcina strain was isolated following anaerobic conditions and was named Methanosarcinae WS1 strain. When the prepared inoculum was added to the fermentor on alternative days, in addition to the manure, a remarkable increase in the flame quality and duration was observed as compared to the fermentor which contained merely manure.